ANIMAL HUSBANDRY DEPARTMENT

The district has fairly large number of live stock including cattle, buffaloes, sheep, goats, horses, ponnies, donkeys, pigs & poultry. The lives stock population of the district according to survey was about 6.72558 Lacs. The following table gives tehsil-wise relative figures.

AGRICULTURAL PESTS AND DISEASES

PARTICULAR NUH FIROZEPUR JHIRKA PUNHANA TAURU TOTAL
COW
BUFFALOS
SHEEP
GOAT
SWINE

* (In Hundred)
Poultry:- 10472 (Backyard)
Broiler:- 3562330
Layer:- 3941900

CATTLE AND BUFFALOES

Live stock wealth is an index to the country’s prosperity. In a state where the holdings are small and fragmented and the collective and co-operative farming is practically non-existant, cattle form the backbone of economy. Agricultural and live stock improvement programme go hand in hand for revolutionizing the economy. The essential equipment of the farmer used to be a pair of oxen/ buffaloes to do the ploughing and to draw the cart. Even though the bullocks have been replaced by tractors, yet the importance of cattle in agriculture economy remains almost unchanged on account of the yield of milk, manure, skins and hides.
The district is well known for Murrah breed of buffaloes and Haryana breed of cows. Thousands of good quality Murrah buffaloes are exported annually to the Metropolitan cities. The Cows are mainly kept for breeding calves and partly on religious grounds. Murrah buffaloes are amongst the most efficient milk and butter-fat producers in India.



SCHEME FOR PRESERVATION OF MURRAH BREEDS OF BUFFALOES

GAUSHALA DEVELOPMENT
Gaushalas, according to the old concept, were the institutions opened under religious sentiments to house the unproductive and useless Cattle and were run on charity. To give a new meaning to the old concept, an idea was mooted to convert these institutions into cattle breeding-cum-milk production centres with some financial assistance and technical guidance.

ANIMAL DISEASES

The commoon animal diseases prevalent in the district are foot & mouth disease, Haemorrhagic septicemia, Surra and Parasitic diseases both internal and external.

FOOT AND MOUTH DISEASE

Locally known as”muh khur”, it generally occurs during the Winter season. In the initial stage which lasts for three-four days there is watery discharge from the mouth. There are lesions in the mouth, inside the hoof. This disease, though not fatal, is contagious and spreads through contact. It also causes great economic losses by reducing milk yield of lactating animals and disabling the working cattle. Regular arrangements for treatment of effected cattle exist at all Veterinary institutions. To check this disease, preventive Vaccination is carried out in cattle and buffaloes. FMDCP Programme was initiated in year 2003 1st phase 19th phase running No case of FMD seen from 2003.

HAEMORRHAGIC SEPTICALMIAORRHAGIC SEPTICALMIA

Total 934910 number of animals vaccinated against this disease during the year- 2014-15.

RINDERPEST DISEASE5

Locally known as sitla is an acute febrile and highly contageous disease affecting cattle and buffaloes. There is 100% mortality in affected animals. District NUH and Haryana State as a whole has been declared as Rinderpest free state. No case of Rinderpest disease has been reported for the last ten years. This had been possible by immunizing the whole population of the state by the field Veterinarians and by setting check posts on State borders where the out going in coming animals were also vaccinated.

TREATMENT OF CATTLE DISEASE

Various preventive and Curative measures are taken up the Animal Husbandry Department to combat various types of disease. Number of cases treated against various disease during the year 1997-98, 235867, 1998-99, 269158 and 1999-2000, 222807 No serious out break of any particulars disease has been reported from this area since 1998.



DAIRY FARMING

Traditionally dairy farming had been in the hands of small farmers and landless agricultural laborers in the villages. The more affluent farmers kept cattle for their own needs. Milk and ghee were not adulterated.
With the increase in population and fast urbanization the demand for milk and milk products has gone up and the traditional dairy farming has been revolutionized into modern dairy farming.
NUH district is a part of the tract famous for Murrah Buffaloes and Haryana Cows and so occupies an important place in the development of dairying in the state.
This was the beginning of the white Revolution era in the state. This plant has the handling capacity of 50,000 Litres of milk per day and manufactures “VITA” brand of ghee, butter milk power etc which are popular throughout- the country for their good quality.

POULTRY DEVELOPMENT

According to 1991 Live stock census there were about eight Lakh of Poultry birds in the district. NUH District is very much famous for poultry farming. There are thousnad of big & small poultry farms in the district. One day old chicks, eggs and broilers are exported out of country by one of the poultry farms situated in Safidon sub-Divison. Veterinary hospitals and dispensaries functioning in the district provide education to the poultry breeders about the latest scientific techniques. A distt diseases diagnostic lab also working for Poultry management and diseases diagnositcs.

FISHERIES

Fisheries provide considerable scope for gainful employment and play a vital role in rural-reconstruction and augmenting the inland fish production with the application of latest technology.
In order to develop fisheries scientifically a detailed survey was conducted to estimate the water resources readily available for fish culture in the district. Latest survey results show that district has pond water potentiality of about 662 hectares for the development of fisheries in villages. The running canals and drains also constitute the main resources of fisheries.
The main objective of the agency is to introduce and popularize the improved/modern technique of pisciculture so as to set up in land fish production and augment fish supplies. It further aims at providing employment opportunities to rural masses. The activity has good scope for bringing’ about Blue revolution’ in the district. Fish culture in village ponds can help in utilizing the available water resources for fish production. At present there are 512 village ponds in the district having over 662 hectare of suitable area.
The balance water area available for fish culture may be taken as long term potential for development. The village ponds are under the village panchayats and are leased out to interested farmers/persons by way of auction for period of 5-10 years. Most of the village ponds cover 1.0 to 2.0 hectares each and the Fisheries Department is also proposed to develop the marshy water logged area, which can be profitably converted into fishponds. There is a good response from the landowners in this respect. The F.F.D.A. has developed 12.73 hectares farmers’ land in shape of own fishpond against the target of 5.0 hectare.
The department charges Rs. 75/- per thousand of seed & hands over the seed to the farmers at the pond site.
The activity in leased ponds, own ponds and marshy area would require financial assistance from financial institutions/banks. The existing cost for excavating new ponds is Rs. 100000/- per hectares, including the cost of installation of Tube well; The department is providing subsidy @ 25% in general. They have the right to village ponds, which they lease out to farmers for fisheries development. Though, there is a provision in panchayat Act of leasing out village ponds at least for 10 years so as to enable the beneficiaries to take long terms measures for fish development such as renovation of pond by availing Institutional finance.
Marketing of fish from inland culture resources does not pose any problem in the district. Fishing rights in the canals and drains are controlled by the state government while rights of village ponds vest with the panchayat. The fishing rights of the canal/drains and village ponds are auctioned annually through open auctions by Government and village panchayats respectively. Fishermen co-operative societies are organized for marketing the fish produce.
Fish culture could not make much headway in the distt. In the recent past, however, number of fishponds under fish culture is going up every year but large fish potentiality is yet to be tapped. The estimated fish production during the year 1999-2000 about 1300 Ton, which has ready export market in Delhi and Calcutta. The fish culture provides full time occupation to villagers who are being educated to apply new technique and are encouraged by supplying farm equipments, quality seeds and organic chemical fertilizers. Fish farming has now become an important source of panchayats revenue and is becoming more popular day by day in the villages.